幸运赛车

菜单

当社会学、经济学遇到计算思维……

2017-11-30   作者: 张琦、连晋宏

幸运赛车dangjinshehuijuyougaoduhulianjifengfuhudongdetezheng,shehuiyitizhujianfuzahuajixinxihua。zaibeida,youzheimeyimenkecheng,tayishehuixueyujingjixuederuoganjingdianwentiweizaiti,yijisuanjikexuededianxingsiweifangfaweigongju,xuexiyutihuiliangleixuekezhishiyufangfadejiaochayuhudong。tongguoduishehuiwangluo、guanxipingheng、pipeishichang、zhongjieshichang、paimaishichang、xinxijilian、wangluoxiaoying、liuxingxing、xinshiwudechuanbo、xiaoshijiexianxiang、biaojuezhidudengyitidetaolunheduigetixingweidaozhiquanjuxingtaiguilvdetantao,xueshengkeyichubuzhangwojisuansiweidefangfa,yonglaifenxiheyanjiuneixiexianxianghewenti,congerjiashenduishenghuoyushehuixianxiangdelijie,tiyandaozhenghezhishi、tansuoweizhilingyudechuangzaoguocheng。

 

zheimenke,jiao“shehuikexuezhongdejisuansiweifangfa”。

 

幸运赛车tingshangqushibushiyoudianyisi?xingyunsaichexianlaikanyigejingdiandeanli。

 

tibunan,xiangyaoduidaan,wenmoyoucaidan。

 

幸运赛车zheitiyongdaodeshishehuixuezhongjingdiande“sanyuanbibaoyuanli”,jiruguolianggerenyougegongtongdepengyou,neimezheiliangrenchengweipengyoudekenengxinghuizengqiang。yuanyinyousan: diyi,zheiliangrenhuiyinciyougengduojianmianjihui;dier,yinweiyougongtongpengyoushuangfangxinrenhuizengqiang;disan,neigegongtongpengyouhuiyouyidingdexinliyali(qianyishilihuidanxinzheiliangrenduitayouyijian)。zheigeyuanlishuoming,shehuijiegouzhonghuiyunhanxinxi。eryongyingyongshuxuezhongdetulunzuoweijibengongjubazheiyiyuanlichengxianchulai,jiukeyihenhaodiyanjiushehuiwangluodejiegou,jinertuiyanchuxinxi,jinergengnenglijieyuanli。

 

tulun,jiushizheimenkechengdeyuyangongjuzhiyi。zheimenkedelingyigegongju,shiboyilun。liyongzheilianggegongju,“shehuikexuezhongdejisuansiweifangfa”tuiyanzhewangluobeijingxiarenqundexingweihehudongjizhi。

 

缘起

 

cong2011niankaishi,yilixiaomingjiaoshouweishoudejiaoxuetuanduizaibeidakaisheleyimenyouguanjiaochaxuekedexinke。zuichukemingwei“wangluojiegouyuxiaoyingyuanli”,quanxiaogongxuan;hougaiwei“shehuikexuezhongdejisuansiweifangfa”,quanxiaotongxuan。2013nianqiu,pingjiemoocxingqidedongfeng,gaikechengkaichuleyigemoocduiyingbanben“renqunyuwangluo”,congershidegaikechengzaibeidayiwaidediqupujikailai。zuoweiyimenxinxingdejiaochaxuekekecheng,“shehuikexuezhongdejisuansiweifangfa”bujinshenshoushishenghuanying,haijinyibucujinlejiaochaxuekedeyanjiuhefazhan。

tu: lixiaomingjiaoshouxiangxueshengjieshaokecheng

 

世界呼唤跨学科

 

tanqikaikechuzhong,lixiaominglaoshizheiyangshuodao:

 

幸运赛车“xingyunsaichezaidaxuejiaolesanshiduonianshule,jingchangxiangdaxueshengjiujinggaitongguokechengxuexieshenme?jidecaiyuanpeixianshengcengshuoguoyijuhua,dayishidaxueshiweiweilai,erbushiweiguoquhexianzai,peiyangrencaide。yincixingyunsaicheyinggaisikaoweilaiderenmenjiangmianduishenme。guoqujishinianlai,zhongguoshehuiheguojishehuidoufashenglejudadebianhua,shiderenleishehuixianzaimianduidewentiyeyuxianqianyoulejudachabie。cengjing,renmendezhuyaoguanqieshijiejuechifanchuanyidewenti,shiruhetigaoshengchanlvdewenti。xianjin,shehuizegengguanqiehuanjing、shengtai、pinfuchaju、jiankang、jiaoyu、feichuantongdeanquan(birukongbuzhuyi)dengxinwenti,keyishuozhenggeshehuidouzaiweijiejuetamenernuli。erzheixiewentibushidanyixuekedewenti,doushikuaxuekedewenti。zheixiewentidechidudoufeichangda,tebieshizaidangjinxinxihuashehui,keyishuohejisuandouyouhendaguanlian。xianzaidedaxueshengzaiweilaidoudemianduizheixiewenti,yincikuaxuekedenenglishibiyaode。chuantongdedanyixueke,bubianyuxueshenglijiehesikaozheixiewenti。qishijiaochaxuekezaibeidashijinianqianjiukaishidedaoxuexiaozhongshile,yetuichulexuduoxiangguandejiaoxuekemu,birushuo‘zhenghekexue’,‘dashuju’deng。zuoweiyimingjiaoshi,ruguoyishidaozheigefangxiangdezhongyaoxing,nengzuodianshenmeni?zijinengzhangkongdedadijiushikaifayimenxinkechengba。xingyunsaicheshijisuanjixuekebeijing,yincicongjisuansiweidejiaoduqieru,zaijieheshehuixuehejingjixuedeyixieyiti,sihushikexingde。zheishixingyunsaichekaishekechengdechuzhong。

 

tongshi,xingyunsaicheyeshishoudaoledavid easleyhejon kleinberghexiede《networks、crowds and markets》deqifayubangzhu,zheishikangnaierdaxuedejingjixuejiahejisuanjikexuejiadehezuochengguo,qizhongduiyuxuekejiaochadeguannianyijizaijiaoxuecengmiandeshijicaozuorangxingyunsaichechanshengleqiangliedegongming。yushixingyunsaichebianheshehuixuexideqiuzeqilaoshishangliangyu2011niankaishihekailezheimenkecheng,zheiben“lingganzhishu”deyizuo《wangluo、quntiyushichang》yejiuyincichengweilekechengjiaocai。”

 

整合知识 探索未知

 

幸运赛车lixiaominglaoshibiaoshi,qishizheimenkechengdezhongdianbuzaiyujiejuewenti,ershi“lijie”wenti。birushuozhongsuozhouzhide,shehuixueliyouyigeshehuiwangluodegainian,xingyunsaichemeitianshiyongdeweixinjiuxingchengleyizhongzaixianshehuiwangluo,neimexiangyingdexianshizhongyeyoushehuiwangluo,bameigerendoudangzuoyigedian,bicizhijianhuxiangrenshijiuxiangliangouchengyitiaobian,jieheqilaijiushiyizhangwang,zheizhongdianhebiandejiegoujiushiduitulundeliyong,suiranchouxiang,dannengcongzhonghuodehenduoxinxi,birushuodushudeduoshaojiushirenshiderenshuduoshao。lixiaominglaoshimeicikaike,yedoucongzheigeyitilaiyinru。tahuidiaochaketangtongxuemendexinxi,yongtulunlaifenxizheigeketangdeshehuiwangluo:

tu: meixueqidiyitangketongguotulungoujianbanjishejiaowangluoyindaoxueshenglejiekecheng

 

幸运赛车erkechengdelingyigezhongyaogongjuboyilunzegengduoyongyujingjixue,biru“shichangshigeyinxingzhishou”、xinxibuduichengdaozhiliebiquzhuliangbideng。juyigelizi,congboyilunzhongde“buleisibeilun”yinshenkailai,xingyunsaichejiunengtihui,zaishehuikexuexiadexitongzhong,ruguoxitongdejiegoubuheli,touruziyuankenengfanerhuishijieguogengzaogao,yinciburubutouru。

 

ketangshangyaozuodejiushijiangqicaozuohua,birushenghuozhongdegongzuoxuanzewenti——

 

thershiliangzhongxingzhiwanquanxiangtongdegongzuo,yincicanyutdeyou50ren,canyurdeyeyou50ren,meirende200shizuihaodexuanze。

 

danruguocishilaobanshuotouruxindeziyuan,yegulirenmenliangzhonggongzuodouzuo,jidisanzhonggongzuoshitherdejiehe,rang100renzaizheisanzhonggongzuozhongxuanze,xiangyingde,meiyouyirenxuanzet&r,therzhongjiuyaogezijianqu100。conggetilaikan,100gerendouxuant&r,meigerenhuode150shizuijiadegetixuanze。danshixingyunsaichexiangbidiyizhongqingkuangkeyifaxian,ruguolaobanmeiyoutourudisanfengongzuoziyuan,meirenkeyinadao200,danshiyidantouru,meirenquedouzhikeyinadao150。zheishuomingzaitouruziyuanhousuiranyijiushiduiyugetieryanzuihaodexuanze,danshizhengtishangqueburubutouruziyuan。zheijiushi“buleisibeilun”deyizhongcaozuohuatixian。

zheimenkehaihuiyongdaoqitayixilieanli,biruxiuluwenti。zongzhi,kechengyongtulunhuoboyilunhuojieheliangzhe,bangzhutongxuemenxuehuiyongcaozuohuadefangfa,duijiegouhexinxijinxingtuilihefenxi,congercongyizhongxindejiaodulailijietongchangzhishidingxingtaolundeyuanlihuowenti。congzheigeyiyishang,tongguoxunxujianjindiduigetixingweidetantao,rangxueshengrenshidaozhenghezhishi、tansuoweizhilingyudechuangzaoguochengdemudecaideyishixian。

 

从课堂到MOOC

 

zheimenkechengzaijiaoxuefangshishangdechuangxinzhuyaoshijiyumoocdefanzhuanketang,moocshangkechengmingwei“renqunyuwangluo”,xueshenglaishangkeqianxuyaozaimukeyuxikechengbingwanchengzuoye。ketangshanglaoshijiangyonglizijinxingyindaojitaolun。

 

幸运赛车lixiaominglaoshijuedexiaoguobucuo,tabiaoshitacengjingzuoguoyigekeshangdewenjuandiaocha,you82gexueshengcanyu,qizhong52gexueshengrenweimukehao,10gexueshengrenweichuantongjiaoxuefangshihao,haiyou20gexueshengjuedewusuowei。zongdelaishuo,xueshengduizheizhongjiaoxuefangfamanyiduhaishibijiaogaode。

tu: henangongyedaxuemouxueshengrenzhenwanchengmoockechenghuoderenzhengzhengshu

 

师生良性互动

 

幸运赛车congxueshengpingguhekeshangdediaochawenjuanzhongxingyunsaichekeyifaxian,lixiaominglaoshidekechengzheshishouhuolehenjijidefankui。yucitongshitabiaoshi,haiyouyixielingtatebiegandonghexinweideshunjian:

2011niandiyicikaike,qizhongyouyigejisuanjixidedaerxuesheng,sannianhoucongbeidabiyehouqupulinsidundaxuenianshehuixueboshi,haizaimeiguofabiaoleshehuixuexiangguandewenzhang。

2015niandeshihoutashoudaoyifengyoujian,yigezai2012nianxuanxiuguozheimenkedewulixueyuantongxue,houlaiqugelunbiyadaxuegongdushengwutongjixueboshi,gaosulaoshishuotajingchangxiangdaokeshangxuededongxi,gandaohenyouqu。

幸运赛车xianzaishuxuexueyuandeyigedasantongxue,tashuotajuedezheishitazaibeidashangguodezuihaodeke,yinweijiaochaxuekerangtajuedehenxinxian。

……

 

zheixiedouranglixiaominglaoshijuedehengandong,yejuedekaishezheimenkechengfuyouyiyi。

 

幸运赛车ercongfankuiyuhudongzhonghuodexindeyanjiuqifayeshichangyouzhishi。“zongyouxueshengtichurangxingyunsaicheyiwaidejieguohuozheyijian。”lixiaominglaoshishuodao,“bifangshuoguanyutulundewenti,youxiezhengminghenyangehenshuxue,xingyunsaichebuyidingzhidaoyegenbenlaibujixiang,shangkedeshihouzhishishaoyoutiji,diertianjiuhuiyouxueshengfayoujianlaitaolun,bingqiezuihouhaizhendegaodingleneixiewenti。lingwaihenduowentikeyitongguohenduojiaodujinxingtantao,erxueshengshichanghuijichuxinyingdekanfa。jugelizi,shehuiwangluozhongyouyizhongjiaojujixishudehendingliangdeshuofa,biruxingyunsaicherenshi3geren,zheisangerenhuxiangrenshideqingkuangzenmeyangjiushixingyunsaichedejujixishu。 xingyunsaicherangxueshengmenxiangxiangzheigegainianhaiyoushenmebiaodafangshi,yourenjiutichushuokeyichengzhiwei‘ningjuli’,xingyunsaichejuedezheijiuhenyouyisi。”

tu: xueshengfaweibokuazanzheimenke

 

跨学科合作趣事多

 

幸运赛车lixiaominglaoshishizuoxinxikexuede,xingyunsaichezhuyidao,kechengtuanduihaiyoulaizishehuixuexideqiuzeqilaoshi。duiyubutongxuekedelaoshiruheyiqishejikecheng、kaizhanhezuojiaoxue,lixiaominglaoshizheiyangshuodao:

“zheiqishishiyigeguocheng,shouxianshiyouyibenjiaocai,ranhouxingyunsaicheshangliangbicicoveryixiebufen,dazhiyougefengong,jingguozheimeduonianjiaoxue,xianzaifengongyeyijingwendingmingquele。xingyunsaichebicijiaotishangke,yeshichangyiqishangke,youbutongdexiangfajiuhuizaikeshangtichu。xueshengshenzhikaiwanxiaoshuoxihuankanlaoshizaitaishangchaojia。”

 

danshiconglixiaominglaoshichuxingyunsaichehenyihandidezhi,zheixueqiqiuzeqilaoshibucanyujiaoxuele,takaileyimenmianxiangshehuikexuexuekedinianjibenkeshengdexinke,jiao《shehuikexuefangfadaolun》,yaoqinglixiaominglaoshicanyuqizhongyibufenjiaoxuegongzuo。

 

zaigezideyanjiufangmian,lixiaominglaoshibiaoshiqishitaxianzaibutaizuanyandangelingyu,zhuyaoguanxinjisuanyushehuikexuejiaochadewenti。“heqitazhuanyelaoshiliaotianhuijifahenduoxiangfa,erzhishiguanzhujisuanjijishushibukenengxiangdaozheixiewentide。biruqiuzeqilaoshicenggaosuxingyunsaiche,shehuixuedejibenwentishi‘shehuiweishenmekeneng?’,dangshijilexingyunsaichehendadezhenhan。”laoshimeifeisewudishuodao,“xingyunsaichehaiyiqitantaochuanxiaomoxing、zaichaxugejuyiyixiadengbashudetuiguangdengyanjiuwenti。yidanduixuekejiaochadelingyuyouxiejiechu,xingyunsaichejiukenengtichuyixiexinwenti,huozheduilaowentiyouxinsikao。”

 

目标是推广到全国

 

“weilaidemubiaobushibatongxuankeshengjiweizhuanye,ershiyaozuotuiguang,zuidadeyuanwangshirangzheileikechengzaiquanguogengduodaxuekaichulai。quanguomuqiandayueyou30duosuoxuexiaokailezheigekecheng,shulianghaishihenshaode,yincizaiguoqujinianxingyunsaichebanleduoqiquanguojiaoshipeixunban。tongshizaibenxiaoyeyaopeiyangjiebanren,muqianbeidayoulianggenianqinglaoshiyiqicanyuxiegongzuo,qiwangtamennenggoujiebang,erbuyinggaizaixingyunsaichetuixiuhouzheigekechengjiuwurenwenjin。”shuoqikechengdehouxutuiguang,lixiaominglaoshiyilianzhengzhong。

 

幸运赛车tongshilaoshiyebiaoshi,weilaikenenghaihuiconggaikechenglitouyanshengchufenzhidekecheng,liru: jingjixuezhongdejisuansiwei,shehuixuezhongdejisuansiwei,xinwenchuanboxuezhongdejisuansiweideng。erqitaxuekeyekenenghuisheji,danmuqianhaikanbutaiqingchu。zongdelaishuo,haishixuyaoyougengduodelaoshiguanzhuxuekejiaocha,youxingquhereqingcongjiaoxueshangtourudaozheigelingyuzhonglai。

幸运赛车tu: lixiaominglaoshizhidaoquanguojiaoshipeixunbandexueyuanyongshoujikanmooc

 

彩蛋: B与F最可能形成边

 

shoufangzhe | beijingdaxuexinxikexuexueyuanlixiaomingjiaoshou

caifang | zhangqi、lianjinhong

幸运赛车tupian | lixiaomingjiaoshoutigong

幸运赛车 zhuangao | zhangqi、lianjinhong

zhitu | ruanjunru

bianji | zhangqi

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